Enoch from Antiquity to the Middle Ages

Exciting news for fans of Enoch and the giants. A volume from John C. Reeves and Annette Yoshiko Reed is planned for 1 March 2018 which will provide the first part of a comprehensive compendium of literature from antiquity to the Middle Ages which reference Enoch:

John C. Reeves and Annette Yoshiko Reed, eds., Enoch from Antiquity to the Middle Ages: Sources From Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, Volume I. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. [432 pages]

There’s some more information on John C. Reeve’s UNC Charlotte project webpage. Reeves describes the aim of the “Enoch from Antiquity to the Middle Ages” project as twofold:

(1) to assemble all the fragmentary extant references to and citations of Enochic works within the aforementioned religious literatures [Jewish, Christian, gnostic, and Muslim] into one convenient collection, and (2) to compare, classify, and analyze these subsequent references and citations in order to gain a clearer picture of the scope and range of what might tentatively be termed the ‘Enochic library,’ or the entire corpus of works attributed to Enoch.

An exciting, not to mention wide-ranging, project!

h/t: Annette Yoshiko Reed


New Downloadable Video Game: You are Enoch and you must defeat the Fallen Angels

In the soon-to-be released downloadable action video-game, El Shaddai: Ascension of the Metatron, you are Enoch, and your mission is to defeat the fallen angels:

ElShaddai plotline

Developed in Japan, El Shaddai (Heb. “God Almighty”) is planned for Japanese release on 28 April 2011, and will run on Xbox-360 or Playstation 3. It mixes ancient Jewish literature with the look-and-feel of Japanese gaming – a sort of Evangelion for gamers. Here’s Enoch, who underneath his pure white robes/armour, surprisingly enough, wears a pair of jeans:

Enoch, humankind's only defence against those evil fallen angels (and any pink robots)
Enoch, humankind's only defence against those evil fallen angels (and any pink robots)

It looks like a merry mix-up of mythic themes, translated into a Japanese gamer’s sensitivities. From Tech Buzz Blog:

El ShaddaiEl Shaddai: Ascension of the Metatron is a potentially special title because it is based on the Book of Enoch, one of the documents that are part of the Dead Sea scrolls, a cache of documents that offer an alternative take on the history of early Christianity and on the person of Jesus himself.

The mix between Western mythology and religion and Japanese video game sensibilities is another unique selling point for El Shaddai and the development team includes developers that have put in work for games like Devil May Cry, Okami and Resident Evil.

Well, the Dead Sea scrolls are certainly useful for interpreting early Christianity and Jesus, but not, as many people think because they have anything to do with Christianity or Jesus, let alone an “alternative” or “suppressed” version of Christianity. They don’t even mention Jesus or Christians, and belong to a quite distinct group of religious-minded Jews. Instead, what the Dead Sea scrolls offer is a first-hand glimpse into a form of Judaism that has many commonalities with (yet many differences from) early Christianity, as well as some idea about how Jesus might have viewed himself and his eschatological role.

But none of this should detract from the exciting prospect of becoming Enoch – and defeating those fallen angels! Could an Enochian role-playing video game enable us to transform into our  “heavenly twin”? If we sit in the dark playing El Shaddai for hours on end, drinking only power drinks, would we ascend (or descend) to the chariot?

UPDATE: Jim Davila (PaleoJudaica) notes that he earlier provided comments from El Shaddai creator, Takeyasu Sawaki, including the gem: “I read, of course, the Book of Enoch, and I also read a lot of other people’s books dealing with those two characters. I think all of those books were boring.” Jim also provides other reports on the game, herehere and here. The third link has another gem of a comment from the creator: “As for Japanese people, the Old Testament, we’re not familiar with these kinds of things at all. They don’t feel familiar. It’s a complete fantasy for Japanese people.” Indeed.